I was thrown into the world of baking breads in culinary school and it was instant love. I sunk myself into the meditation of kneading dough, lulled by the rhythmic motion of my bench scraper moving across the worn, wooden workspace. I watched the magic of yeast billow the dough into large soft bubbles, and learned ways to build structure, techniques for shaping and molding, and how to get a thick crust.
It opened a whole new world to me.
I mastered whole wheat bread and Parker rolls, and boldly graduated to braided breads and brioche. I spent long peaceful hours making laminated doughs for puff pastry and croissants, and confidently began to develop my own bread recipes. But one bread I hadn’t tried yet was hot cross buns, my only reference to them some half-forgotten nursery rhyme. With Easter on the horizon, I knew I had to make them.
Hot cross buns are traditionally eaten on Good Friday, the Friday before Easter Sunday. They’re spiced, sweet yeasted rolls, made with currants or raisins, and topped by a piped white cross as a symbol of a crucifix. Many variations of this theme abound, and after some experimenting, my favorite version now includes dried cherries and dates along with the currants, and a mixture of cinnamon and cardamom spices.
You will not want to make this recipe without a standing mixer. It’s too sticky to knead for a novice bread maker. Like many sweet yeasted doughs, kneading by hand requires quite a bit of additional flour to make it manageable.
Hot Cross Buns
- 1 1/2 packages of active dry yeast (I use Red Star)
- 1 cup milk (I use 1% milk, but milk higher in fat is fine too)
- 1/4 cup honey (I use Gibson orange blossom honey)
- 3 1/2 cups (15.7 ounces) all-purpose flour (I recommend King Arthur flour)
- 1 1/2 teaspoons orange zest
- 1/2 teaspoon lemon zest
- 1 teaspoon kosher salt
- 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
- 1/2 teaspoon ground cardamom
- 4 tablespoons unsalted butter, melted
- 2 large eggs
- 1 cup mixed dried fruit (I used a combination of currants, dates, and cherries)
- Olive oil
- 1 egg yolk
- 1 tablespoon milk
- 1 teaspoon milk
- 1/4 cup powdered sugar
- 1/4 teaspoon vanilla extract
- Warm the milk to 105 -110 degrees Fahrenheit. Stir in the honey and add the yeast. Stir and set aside to allow the yeast to bloom, about ten minutes.
- In the bowl of a standing mixer, whisk the flour, orange zest, lemon zest, salt, and spices together. Create a well in the flour mixture, and pour in the melted butter, foamy yeast and milk, and eggs. Using the dough hook, begin to mix on the lowest speed of the mixer. Once the liquid begins to be absorbed by the flour, increase the speed of the mixer to a moderately low speed until the liquid is completely absorbed and the dough becomes soft and elastic (about five to seven minutes). A great way to test the elasticity of the dough is by removing the dough hook from the mixer, dipping it into the bottom of the dough, and stretching it upwards. If the dough readily snaps, it’s not elastic enough. Once the dough can be stretched several inches without breaking, it’s ready for it’s first rise. Just add the cup of dried fruits with a few turns of the dough hook and you’re done.
- Lightly oil a bowl or container large enough to accommodate the dough rising and scrape the dough into it. Lightly cover with plastic and place it in a warm, draft-free place in the kitchen. I like to warm up a cup of water in the microwave, tuck it into the corner of the microwave, and place the bowl of dough next to it. Once I close the microwave door, I have the perfect incubator to allow the yeast to grow undisturbed. Allow the dough to double, about ninety minutes.
- Lightly flour a workspace, and scrape the dough onto it. The dough will be sticky, so lightly flour the surface and well flour your hands before working with it. Knead it a couple of times to start to shape it into fat sausage. Cut it in half with a bench scraper or sharp knife. Cover one of the halves with plastic while you work with the other half.
- Roll the dough into a sausage roll, and cut into eight pieces. Line a baking sheet with parchment paper and mold the eight pieces into balls the size of a small lime, flouring your hands as needed. Place the dough mounds about one inch apart, and repeat with the other half of the dough set aside.
- Cover the mounds with plastic and place in a warm, draft-free place in the kitchen for the second rise. Allow the buns to rise for thirty to forty-five minutes. They should be starting to touch each other. Preheat the oven to 400 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Mix together the egg yolk and milk in a small bowl for the glaze. Remove the plastic from the mounds. Lightly baste their tops with the yolk and milk mixture. Bake for twelve to fifteen minutes, or until the buns are lightly browned and feel firm to the touch. Remove, place on a cooling rack, and allow to cool slightly.
- Combine the icing ingredients in a small bowl to form a paste. Spoon into a small Ziplock baggie, snip off a very small tip from one of the corners, and pipe white crosses on the tops of the buns. Allow to firm up, about thirty seconds.
- Serve slightly warm, and enjoy!